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The Risks of Over Eating.

We all need energy to live, as energy is needed for all of the vital functions of the body such as maintenance of body temperature, breathing, blood circulation,digestion, hormone release and other activities that take place within the cells. Energy is also needed for all the activities that as humans we undertake, walking, exercising, etc. but the repairs taking place in the body and growth all require energy. there needs to be a balance though between intake and expenditure. If more energy is being taken in than is required and it gets stored as fat. Excessice fat rates can cause certain ill health conditions. This article looks at some of the risks associated with overeating.
 
Promotes Excess Body Fat.

Your daily calorie balance is determined by how many calories you consume versus how many you burn through the activities you are involved in and the energy used just by being alive.

When you eat more than you expend, this is known as a calorie surplus. Your body may store these additional calories as fat.

Overeating can result in excess body fat or obesity because you may be consuming far more calories than you need 

. Excess calories from carbs and fats are much more prone to boost body fat .To avoid fat gain, focus on lean proteins and non-starchy vegetables at meals.

Regulation of Hunger.

Trusted SourceTo prevent excess fat gain, try filling up on lean proteins and non-starchy vegetables before eating higher carb and higher fat foods.

The hormones  GHRELIN and LEPTIN control hunger regulation — ghrelin,  stimulates appetite, and leptin,  suppresses appetite 

When you have not eaten ghrelin levels increase and, after you’ve eaten, leptin levels will tell the body that it’s full. Overeating may disrupt this balance.

Eating foods high in fat, salt, or sugar releases the hormone  dopamine, which activate pleasure centers in your brain and over time, the body  associates these pleasure sensations with certain foods, which tend to be high in fat and calories. This process may eventually override hunger regulation, encouraging you to eat for pleasure rather than hunger.Disruption of these hormones may trigger a perpetual cycle of overeating, minimising portions and eating these feel-good foods slowly can allow the body to register fullness much better.

Trusted SourceDisruption of these hormones may trigger a perpetual cycle of overeating.You can counteract this effect by portioning out certain feel-good foods and eating them at a slower pace to allow your body to register its fullness.

Increase in Disease Risk.
Chronic overeating can lead to obesity. Obesity increases disease risk  and raises the risks of heart disease and other health problems, such as diabetes and stroke .

Indicators of metabolic syndrome and obesity may include high levels of fat in your blood, elevated blood pressure, insulin resistance, and inflammation 

Insulin resistance itself is closely linked to chronic overeating. It develops when excess sugar in your blood reduces the ability of the hormone insulin to store blood sugar in your cells..

Trusted Sourcewhich is defined as having a body mass index (BMI) of 30 or above, is one of the main risk factors for metabolic syndrome. This cluster of conditions raises your chances of heart disease and other health problems, such as diabetes and stroke (9).Indicators of metabolic syndrome include high levels of fat in your blood, elevated blood pressure, insulin resistance, and inflammation (9Insulin resistance itself is closely linked to chronic overeating. It develops when excess sugar in your blood reduces the ability of the hormone insulin to store blood sugar in your cells.

If left uncontrolled, may lead to type 2 diabetes.

You can reduce your risk of these conditions by avoiding high calorie, processed foods, eating plenty of fiber-rich vegetables, and moderating portions sizes of carbs.

Impairment of Brain Function.

Over time, overeating may harm brain function.

Several studies show that overeating and obesity can lead to mental health problems in older adults, compared with those who do not overeat 

Cause Nausea and Indigestion.

Overeating  can cause  feelings of nausea and indigestion. 

The adult stomach is approximately the size of a clenched fist and can hold about  (75 mL) when empty, though it can expand to hold around  (950 mL). These numbers will vary depending on size and how much a person eats on a regular basis. When big meals are eaten the limit of the stomach is reached resulting in indigestion and nausea and even vomiting as a means of relieving stomach pressure. Regulating portion sizes and slow eating can prevent these conditions developing.

Excessive Gas Production and Bloating

Eating large amounts of food may strain your digestive system, triggering gas and bloating

Overeating of gas producing foods such as  spicy and fatty foods, as well as carbonated drinks.  Beans, certain veggies, and whole grains may also produce gas and eating too fast may promote the production of gas and bloating due to large amounts of food entering the stomach. Eat slowly and take fluids after meals, reduce portion sizes of gassy foods to minimise bloating.

Feeling Sleepy.

Overeating  can cause people to become sluggish and tired.

This may be due to a phenomenon calledreactive hypoglycemia in which the blood sugars drop shortly after eating a big meal.

Low blood sugar is commonly associated with symptoms like sleepiness sluggishness, rapid heart rate, and headaches .

While not fully understood, the cause is thought to be related to excess insulin production

Though most common in people with diabetes who administer too much insulin, reactive hypoglycemia may occur in some individuals as a result of overeating

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